The Motivation and Engagement Scale Junior (MES-J)

Created along the Motivation and Engagement Wheel, the Motivation and Engagement Scale consists of eleven motivation and engagement subscales congruent with the eleven first-order factors in the Wheel (i.e., self-efficacy, valuing, mastery orientation, planning, task management, persistence, anxiety, failure avoidance, uncertain control, self-handicapping, and disengagement). The eleven subscales can be separated into four major groups representing the four higher-order motivation and engagement factors (i.e., adaptive cognition, adaptive behaviour, impeding cognition, and maladaptive behaviour). Each of the eleven MES subscales comprises four items—hence, the MES is a 44-item instrument. To respond to the MES, a 5-point Likert-type scale, ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree), is provided. An 11 item short form is also available. 


Self Awareness,
Self Management,
Responsible Decision Making

Self Efficacy, Valuing, Mastery Orientation, Project Planning, Task Management, Persistence, Anxiety, Failure Avoidance, Self/Inhibitory Control, Self-handicapping, Disengagement, Motivation, Engagement

5th Grade,
6th Grade,
7th Grade,
8th Grade

Administration Information

10-15 minutes

Must be affiliated with a school or a psychologist/counselor (Not available for parents to purchase)


Access and Use


Option 1- $96.45
-Includes MES pdf, user manual, scoring and profile templates, Excel data entry template, testing guidelines

Option 2- $333.87
-Option 1 + complete Excel data file (once all respondents take MES)

Option 3- $519.35
-Option 1&2 + inclusion of norms (Motivation Quotient-similar to IQ score, Motivation Grades A, B, C, or D) for each student on all 11 motivation factors in Excel file, scoring of raw student data

Option 4- $667.74
-Options 1-3 + set of individual motivation and engagement student profiles and student tip sheets (tip sheet includes advice sheets for all 11 parts of M&E Wheel)

Option 5-$1334.27
-Includes Options 1-4 + school report (school report includes results on 11 factors as a school, broken down by grade and gender, all compared against norms, and difference of genders and grades from norms is also reported)


Corresponding Author:
Andrew J Martin
Education & Social Work Faculty, Univ. of Sydney

Open Access
Use in Research

Martin, A.J., Anderson, J., Bobis, J., Way, J., & Vellar, R. (2012). Switching on and switching off in mathematics: An ecological study of future intent and disengagement among middle school students. Journal of Educational Psychology104, 1-18.

Martin, A. J. (2008). Motivation and engagement in diverse performance settings: Testing their generality across school, university/college, work, sport, music, and daily life. Journal of Research in Personality42(6), 1607-1612.


Manual scoring
Psychometric References

Martin, A.J., (2007). Examining a multidimensional model of student motivation and engagement using a construct validation approach. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 413-440,

Martin, A. J., Malmberg, L. E., & Liem, G. A. D. (2010). Multilevel motivation and engagement: Assessing construct validity across students and schools. Educational and Psychological Measurement70(6), 973-989.

Martin, A.J., (2009). Motivation and engagement across the academic life span: A developmental construct validity study of elementary school, high school, and university/college students. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 69, 794-824.

Item Type

Psychometric Considerations

Psychometrics is the science of psychological assessment. A primary goal of EdInstruments is to provide information on crucial psychometric topics including Validity and Reliability – essential concepts of evaluation, which indicate how well an instrument measures a construct - as well as additional properties that are worthy of consideration when selecting an instrument of measurement.

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