International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) Civics Assessment

The International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) is the only international, large-scale study of civic and citizenship education.ICCS investigates the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens in a world where contexts of democracy and civic participation continue to change. ICCS reports on students’ knowledge and understanding of concepts and issues related to civics and citizenship, as well as their beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors with respect to this domain. For country enrollment, those interested are directed to contact IEA Amsterdam Director Dr. Andrea Netten.

ICCS 2022 participants include: Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, Chinese Taipei, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein as benchmarking entities), Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden


8th Grade,
9th Grade

Administration Information




Access and Use


IEA requires each participating country to cover the costs of the study at the national level; For ICCS 2022, the study participation fee is ICU 246,000 (= 123,000 US dollars plus 123,000 Euro).


Dr Andrea Netten: Director, IEA Amsterdam


Open Access
Use in Research

Knowles, R. T., & McCafferty-Wright, J. (2015). Connecting an open classroom climate to social movement citizenship: A study of 8th graders in Europe using IEA ICCS data. The Journal of Social Studies Research, 39(4), 255-269.

Schulz, W. et al. (2010). Initial Findings from the IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study. IEA. 

Biseth H. et al (2021). Northern Lights on civic and citizenship education: A Cross-national comparison of Nordic data from ICCS. IEA.


Computer scoring
Psychometric References

Schulz, W., Carstens, R., Losito, B., & Fraillon, J. (2018). ICCS 2016 Technical Report. Amsterdam: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA).

Torney-Purta, J., & Amadeo, J. (2023). Considerations for use of civics assessment instruments. EdInstruments Brief, Annenberg Institute for School Reform, Brown University.

Psychometric Considerations

Psychometrics is the science of psychological assessment. A primary goal of EdInstruments is to provide information on crucial psychometric topics including Validity and Reliability – essential concepts of evaluation, which indicate how well an instrument measures a construct - as well as additional properties that are worthy of consideration when selecting an instrument of measurement.

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