The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ)

The ERQ (Gross & John, 2003) comprises 10 items assessing the ER strategies of CR (6 items) and ES (4 items). Items are rated on a 7-point Likert-type response scale. Higher scores on each scale indicate greater use of the corresponding ER strategy.


Self Management,
Social Awareness

Cognitive Reappraisal, Expressive Suppression, Emotion Regulation

Post secondary

Administration Information

10 items

Access and Use

(650) 723-1281

Open Access
Use in Research

Gross, J.J., & John, O.P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 348-362.

Phillips, L. H., Saldias, A., McCarrey, A., Henry, J. D., Scott, C., Summers, F., & Whyte, M. (2009). Attentional lapses, emotional regulation and quality of life in multiple sclerosis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology48(1), 101-106.

Salsman, N. L., & Linehan, M. M. (2012). An investigation of the relationships among negative affect, difficulties in emotion regulation, and features of borderline personality disorder. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment34(2), 260-267.

Uphill, M. A., Lane, A. M., & Jones, M. V. (2012). Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for use with athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise13(6), 761-770.

Williams, A. D., Grisham, J. R., Erskine, A., & Cassedy, E. (2012). Deficits in emotion regulation associated with pathological gambling. British Journal of Clinical Psychology51(2), 223-238.


Manual scoring
Psychometric References

Ioannidis, C. A., &; Siegling, A. B. (2015). Criterion and incremental validity of the emotion regulation questionnaire. Frontiers in Psychology.

Melka, S. E., Lancaster, S. L., Bryant, A. R., & Rodriguez, B. F. (2011). Confirmatory factor and measurement invariance analyses of the emotion regulation questionnaire. Journal of Clinical Psychology67(12), 1283-1293.

Preece, D. A., Becerra, R., Robinson, K., & Gross, J. J. (2019). The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire: Psychometric properties in general community samples. Journal of Personality Assessment, 102(3), 348-356.

Sala, M. N., Molina, P., Abler, B., Kessler, H., Vanbrabant, L., & van de Schoot, R. (2012). Measurement invariance of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ). A cross-national validity study. European Journal of Developmental Psychology9(6), 751-757.

Item Type

Psychometric Considerations

Psychometrics is the science of psychological assessment. A primary goal of EdInstruments is to provide information on crucial psychometric topics including Validity and Reliability – essential concepts of evaluation, which indicate how well an instrument measures a construct - as well as additional properties that are worthy of consideration when selecting an instrument of measurement.

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