Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire Revised (ARQ)

The revised Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire comprises 93 items and 12 scales measuring resilience factors in the domains of self, family, peer, school and community. In this context, examination of resilience factors in each nested level is required to develop a comprehensive measure. Salient adolescent ecological ‘levels’ have been identified as the domains of individual, family, peers, school and community.The ARQ is a pen and paper questionnaire with scales in five domains: individual, family, peers, school and community. Items comprise statements with a five point Likert response scale labelled: 1 Never, 2 Not often, 3 Sometimes, 4 Most of the time and 5 All the time.


Self Management,
Self Awareness

Negative Cognition, Emotional Insight, Affective Empathy, Sociability Confidence, Connectedness, Availability of support, Supportive Environment, Resilience

7th Grade,
8th Grade,
9th Grade,
10th Grade,
11th Grade,
12th Grade,
Post secondary
Other Language/s
Dutch, Hindi, Persian, Portuguese, Greek, Filipino, Nepali

Administration Information

10-15 minutes

Access and Use

Open Access
Use in Research

Fonagy, P., Butler, S., Cottrell, D., Scott, S., Pilling, S., Eisler, I., ... & Smith, J. A. (2020). Multisystemic therapy versus management as usual in the treatment of adolescent antisocial behaviour (START): 5-year follow-up of a pragmatic, randomised, controlled, superiority trial. The Lancet Psychiatry7(5), 420-430.

Segura, A., Pereda, N., Guilera, G., & Hamby, S. (2017). Resilience and psychopathology among victimized youth in residential care. Child Abuse & Neglect72, 301-311.

Singh, R., Mahato, S., Singh, B., Thapa, J., & Gartland, D. (2019). Resilience In Nepalese adolescents: Socio-demographic factors associated With low resilience. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare12, 893.

Suárez-Soto, E., Pereda, N., & Guilera, G. (2019). Poly-victimization, resilience, and suicidality among adolescents in child and youth-serving systems. Children and Youth Services Review106, 104500.


Manual scoring
Psychometric References

Cheraghi, M. A., Ebadi, A., Gartland, D., Ghaedi, Y., & Fomani, F. K. (2017). Translation and validation of “Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire” for Iranian adolescents. Asian Journal of Psychiatry25, 240-245.

Gartland, D., Bond, L., Olsson, C. A., Buzwell, S., & Sawyer, S. M. (2011). Development of a multi-dimensional measure of resilience in adolescents: the Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire. BMC Medical Research Methodology11(1), 134.

Guilera, G., Pereda, N., Paños, A., & Abad, J. (2015). Assessing resilience in adolescence: The Spanish adaptation of the Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes13(1), 100.

Marici, M. (2015). Some psychometric properties of the family domain in the “Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences187, 289-294.

Singh, R., Mahato, S., Singh, B., Bhushal, S., & Fomani, F. K. (2019). Psychometric properties of adolescent resilience questionnaire among Nepalese adolescents in Lalitpur. Asian Journal of Psychiatry45, 13-17.

National Comparison
Item Type

Psychometric Considerations

Psychometrics is the science of psychological assessment. A primary goal of EdInstruments is to provide information on crucial psychometric topics including Validity and Reliability – essential concepts of evaluation, which indicate how well an instrument measures a construct - as well as additional properties that are worthy of consideration when selecting an instrument of measurement.

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