The SAT is a college entrance exam by the College Board. The SAT has three sections: math test, reading test, and writing and language test. 

Year developed: 1926.


11th Grade,
12th Grade

Administration Information

Reading: 65 minutes (52 questions), Writing and Language: 35 minutes (44 questions), Math: 80 minutes (58 questions). Total: 180 minutes (154 questions).

Access and Use

Use in Research

Akhtari, M., Bau, N., & Laliberté, J. W. P. (2020). Affirmative action and pre-college human capital. NBER working paper. 

Black, S. E., Cortes, K. E., & Lincove, J. A. (2016). Efficacy versus equity: What happens when states tinker with college admissions in a race-blind era?. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 38(2), 336-363. 

Bond, T. N., Carr, J. B., Packham, A., & Smith, J. (2022). Hungry for success? SNAP timing, high-stakes exam performance, and college attendance. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 14(4), 51-79. 

Goodman, J., Gurantz, O., & Smith, J. (2020). Take two! SAT retaking and college enrollment gaps. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 12(2), 115-158. 

Winston, G., & Zimmerman, D. (2004). Peer effects in higher education. In College choices: The economics of where to go, when to go, and how to pay for it (pp. 395-424). University of Chicago Press.


Psychometric References

College Board. (2017). SAT Suite of Assessments Technical Manual: Characteristics of the SAT. College Board.

Psychometric Considerations

Psychometrics is the science of psychological assessment. A primary goal of EdInstruments is to provide information on crucial psychometric topics including Validity and Reliability – essential concepts of evaluation, which indicate how well an instrument measures a construct - as well as additional properties that are worthy of consideration when selecting an instrument of measurement.

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